Causes of neck pain:Muscle strains - the commonest cause
Nerve compression due to join pathology- disc compression, herniated disk, tearing of ligaments etc
Direct injury of neck
Spinal stenosis, Spondylosis,
Systemic disease like Rheumatoid Arthritis
Meningitis, retropharyngeal abscess, epiglottitis
Cancer or tumor
Carotid artery dissection
Referred pain of acute coronary syndrome
Prolonged asleep on sofas and chairs
What to do when neck pain:In no doubt first go to a doctor
Doctor initially diagnosed clinically and find out the cause of neck pain
Some investigation may be suggested like – CT or MRI of brain and cervical spine, urgent CSF study, X-ray neck both view
If investigations and clinical examinations are suggested then admit to hospital and ask for proper management.
Management plan of neck pain:Musculoskeletal causes are relieved by some exercises and muscle relaxant medicine
Meningitis is treated by high doses antibiotics or antiviral drugs
Cervical joint and nerve problems may need immobilization of neck being with proper medicine.
If any tumor or cancer you need to consult with Oncologist
Most of the time sudden neck pain caused by infection or muscle strains is totally removed by medication and exercises. But severe disease like cancer or tumor produce symptoms for prolong period.